How to Use the Supplement Index

The Encyclopedia of World Biography Supplement Index is designed to serve several purposes. First, it is a cumulative listing of biographies included in the entire second edition of EWB and its supplements (volumes 1-22). Second, it locates information on specific topics mentioned in volume 22 of the encyclopedia—persons, places, events, organizations, institutions, ideas, titles of works, inventions, as well as artistic schools, styles, and movements. Third, it classifies the subjects of Supplement articles according to shared characteristics. Vocational categories are the most numerous—for example, artists, authors, military leaders, philosophers, scientists, statesmen. Other groupings bring together disparate people who share a common characteristic.


The structure of the Supplement Index is quite simple. The biographical entries are cumulative and often provide enough information to meet immediate reference needs. Thus, people mentioned in the Supplement Index are identified and their life dates, when known, are given. Because this is an index to a biographical encyclopedia, every reference includes the name of the article to which the reader is directed as well as the volume and page numbers. Below are a few points that will make the Supplement Index easy to use.

Typography. All main entries are set in boldface type. Entries that are also the titles of articles in EWB are set entirely in capitals; other main entries are set in initial capitals and lowercase letters. Where a main entry is followed by a great many references, these are organized by subentries in alphabetical sequence. In certain cases—for example, the names of countries for which there are many references—a special class of subentries, set in small capitals and preceded by boldface dots, is used to mark significant divisions.

Alphabetization. The Index is alphabetized word by word. For example, all entries beginning with New as a separate word (New Jersey, New York) come before Newark. Commas in inverted entries are treated as full stops (Berlin; Berlin, Congress of; Berlin, University of; Berlin Academy of Sciences). Other commas are ignored in filing. When words are identical, persons come first and subsequent entries are alphabetized by their parenthetical qualifiers (such as book, city, painting).

Titled persons may be alphabetized by family name or by title. The more familiar form is used—for example, Disraeli, Benjamin rather than Beaconsfield, Earl of. Cross-references are provided from alternative forms and spellings of names. Identical names of the same nationality are filed chronologically.

Titles of books, plays, poems, paintings, and other works of art beginning with an article are filed on the following word (Bard, The). Titles beginning with a preposition are filed on the preposition (In Autumn). In subentries, however, prepositions are ignored; thus influenced by would precede the subentry in literature.

Literary characters are filed on the last name. Acronyms, such as UNESCO, are treated as single words. Abbreviations, such as Mr., Mrs., and St., are alphabetized as though they were spelled out.

Occupational categories are alphabetical by national qualifier. Thus, Authors, Scottish comes before Authors, Spanish, and the reader interested in Spanish poets will find the subentry poets under Authors, Spanish.

Cross-references. The term see is used in references throughout the Supplement Index. The see references appear both as main entries and as subentries They most often direct the reader from an alternative name spelling or form to the main entry listing.

This introduction to the Supplement Index is necessarily brief. The reader will soon find, however, that the Supplement Index provides ready reference to both highly specific subjects and broad areas of information contained in volume 22 and a cumulative listing of those included in the entire set.