Encyclopedia of World Biography, Second Edition, Obituaries Facts
The following people, appearing in volumes 1-17 of the Encyclopedia of World Biography, have died since the publication of the second edition. Each entry lists the volume where the full biography can be found.
ASHMORE, HARRY SCOTT (born 1916), American journalist and former executive editor of The Arkansas Gazette who won a Pulitzer Prize for his editorials against segregation at the start of the Civil Rights Movement, suffered a stroke and died a few weeks later in Santa Barbara, California, January 20, 1998 (Vol. 1).
BANDA, HASTINGS KAMUZU (born 1905), former president of Malawi in southern Africa who ruled for three decades and earned a reputation for both his conservative government and human rights abuses, died of respiratory failure in Johannesburg, South Africa, November 23, 1997 (Vol. 1).
BERLIN, ISAIAH (born 1909), British philosopher and respected intellectual, author of the influential Two Concepts of Liberty (1959), and the first president of Wolfson College in Oxford, England, died November 6, 1997 (Vol. 2).
CALDERÓN, ALBERTO P. (born 1920), Hispanic American mathematician known for his work in the field of mathematical analysis who founded what came to be considered the Chicago school of analysis with his mentor, Antoni Zygmund, died at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago, Illinois, April 16, 1998 (Vol. 3).
CALVIN, MELVIN (born 1911), American chemist and Nobel Prize winner who investigated the "dark," or light independent, stages of photosynthesis, died at Alta Bates Hospital in Berkeley, California, January 8, 1997 (Vol.3).
CHATICHAI CHOONHAVAN (born 1922), former prime minister of Thailand who was originally elected to Parliament in 1975 and re-elected 8 times before serving in his country's highest office, died of liver cancer in London, England, May 5, 1998 (Vol. 3).
CLEAVER, LEROY ELDRIDGE (born 1935), American writer and former Black Panther leader who exchanged the revolutionary ideals of his youth for a more conservative outlook and a concern for the environment by the time of his death at Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center in California, May 1, 1998 (Vol. 4).
COMMAGER, HENRY STEELE (born 1902), American historian, essayist, and textbook author (considered to be one of the leading historians in the United States) who opposed in print both McCarthyism and U.S. involvement in Vietnam, died in Amherst, Massachusetts, March 2, 1998 (Vol. 4).
GOLDSMITH, JAMES MICHAEL (born 1933), British-French industrialist and financier known both for his charisma and the controversy that surrounded him and who founded the Referendum Party in Great Britain, died of cancer, July 19, 1997 (Vol. 6).
GOLDWATER, BARRY (born 1909), conservative Republican U.S. senator from Arizona known for his candid manner of speaking and political campaign for U.S. president in 1964, died in Paradise Valley, Arizona, May 29, 1998 (Vol. 6).
JÜNGER, ERNST (born 1895), controversial yet highly regarded German author who was known for his accounts of war, especially his book Storm of Steel, died in Wilflingen, Germany, February 17, 1998 (Vol. 8).
KARAMANLIS, CONSTANTINE (born 1907), Greek politician who served his country as a member of parliament, prime minister, and later president and who was instrumental in restoring democracy to Greece after a period of military rule and improving economic conditions in the country, died April 23, 1998 (Vol. 8).
KENDREW, JOHN C. (born 1917), English biochemist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry, and founder and editor-in-chief of the Journal of Molecular Biology, died in Cambridge, England, August 23, 1997 (Vol. 8).
KNOWLES, MALCOLM SHEPHERD (born 1913), American professor of education and author known as the father of adult education, died in Fayetteville, Arkansas, November 27, 1997 (Vol. 9).
LINH, NGUYEN VAN (born 1915), Vietcong military leader responsible for the Tet offensive in 1968 and former secretary-general of the Vietnamese Communist Party who reformed Vietnam's economy in the late 1980s, died in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, April 27, 1998 (Vol. 9).
PAZ, OCTAVIO (born 1914), Mexican poet, critic, editor, translator, essayist, and diplomat who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1990, died in Mexico City, April 19, 1998 (Vol. 12).
POL POT (born 1928), leader of the revolutionary Khmer Rouge and communist dictator of Democratic Kampuchéa (Cambodia) who had a reputation as one of the twentieth century's most brutal leaders, died of heart failure, April 15, 1998 (Vol. 12).
REID, WILLIAM RONALD (born 1920), Canadian artist known for sculptures based on his Native American heritage and who worked to preserve the art of the Haida (Native Americans of the northwest Pacific Coast), died in Vancouver, British Columbia, March 13, 1998 (Vol. 13).
RUDOLPH, PAUL MARVIN (born 1918), American architect known for his modernist structures, such as Yale University's Art and Architecture Building, died of asbestos cancer in New York, New York, August 8, 1997 (Vol. 13).
SHANKER, ALBERT (born 1928), American education leader and president of the American Federation of Teachers who lead the fight for national education standards, died February 22, 1997 (Vol. 14).
SINATRA, FRANCIS ALBERT (born 1915), award-winning American singer and actor, informally known as "Ol' Blue Eyes," who won an Academy Award for his performance in From Here to Eternity, died of a heart attack in Los Angeles, California, May 14, 1998 (Vol. 14).
SPOCK, BENJAMIN McLANE (born 1903), American pediatrician and child care author who published the popular reference book, Baby and Child Care, died in his home in San Diego, California, March 15, 1998 (Vol. 14).
TIPPETT, MICHAEL KEMP, SIR (born 1905), English composer and conductor considered to be one of the leading figures in twentieth-century British music, died in London, England, January 8, 1998 (Vol. 15).
ULANOVA, GALINA (born 1910), Russian ballerina, regarded as one of the greatest dancers of the twentieth century, who danced with the internationally acclaimed Bolshoi Ballet for 16 years, died in Moscow, Russia, March 21, 1998 (Vol. 15).
VASARELY, VICTOR (born 1908), Hungarian-French artist and graphic designer known as a leader of the Op Art movement in the 1960s and founder of his own personal art empire that included the Vasarely Museum, the Vasarely Foundation, and the Vasarely Center, died in Paris, France, March 15, 1997 (Vol. 15).
WEAVER, ROBERT C. (born 1907), first African American U.S. cabinet officer (served as secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development during the Johnson administration) and former national chair of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), died in New York, New York, July 17, 1997 (Vol. 16).
YOUNG, COLEMAN ALEXANDER (born 1918), one of the first African Americans to become mayor of a major city—Detroit, Michigan—where he served in the post for 20 years, died of respiratory failure in Detroit, November 29, 1997 (Vol. 16).