You might know what Nelson Mandela stood for, but how much do you really know about this inspirational man?
Nelson Mandela Quick Facts
Here is a list of quick facts about Nelson Mandela.
- Nelson Mandela was born July 18, 1918.
- He was born in Transkei, Africa.
- When he was born, his name was Rolihlahla Mandela.
- His birth name means "to pull a branch off a tree" and "troublemaker."
- He was given the name Nelson in school when he was seven years old.
- His father had four wives. Mandela is the youngest of all of the sons that his father had. In fact, he is the only one surviving.
- He grew up in a rural area, and he engaged in activities such as herding animals.
- As a youngster, he attended boarding school.
- His father passed away when Nelson was 12 years old. Afterwards, wealthy relatives had custody of him.
- He attended Fort Hare Missionary College; however, he was expelled for organizing a strike against the white rule of the college.
- He met Oliver Tambo, a great friend of his, at Fort Hare.
- He was working toward a B.A. when he was in college.
- He studied law at the University of Witwatersrand.
- In 1942, he joined the African National Congress.
- He became Deputy President of the African National Congress.
- He was also a lawyer in addition to an activist and politician.
- He was imprisoned on Robben Island.
- During his time in jail, he was able to have secret talks with the President of South Africa. Due to these talks, he was able to be freed.
- While he was in jail, he was told that if he stopped his acts of violence, he would be allowed to go free. He did not agree to this provision.
- He was supposed to be in prison for life.
- Mandela was in jail for approximately 30 years.
- In 1968, both his mother and son passed away. However, he was not permitted out of jail to attend their funerals.
- His only son passed away due to AIDS.
- In 1993, he shared the Nobel Peace Prize with F.W. de Klerk.
- They received this Nobel Peace Prize for getting rid of the apartheid system.
- In 1994, he became the first president of South Africa to be elected by a democratic system.
- Once he was finished with his presidency, he became an advocate in support of people suffering from AIDS.
- He has honorary degrees from more than 50 universities worldwide.
- A hobby of his was boxing.
- Nelson Mandela is a Christian.
- He was married to his first wife for 13 years and to his second wife for four years. He married again at the age of 80.
- In 2004, at the age of 85, he announced that he would retire from the public domain.
- Nelson Mandela is living in South Africa as of 2011.
Now you know plenty of interesting facts about this extremely important figure in history.