Many people interested in Philippine history are looking for information about Emilio Jacinto. Jacinto played an important role in Philippine independence and he also had an interesting political life.
This biography of Emilio Jacinto begins with his early life:
- Emilio Jacinto was born in 1875 on the 15th of December.
- He was the only son of a man named Mariano Jacinto and a woman named Josefa Dizon.
- Shortly after he was born, his father passed away. This untimely death forced his mother to send Emilio to live with his uncle, Don Jose’ Dizon. His mother believed that his uncle could care for the young Emilio better then she could after the death of Mariano.
College and Education
Very little is known about Emilio’s early childhood up until the point that he went to college. However, it is known that by the time he went away to college, he could fluently speak both Spanish and Tagalog, the language of the Philippine people. However, he preferred to speak in Spanish a majority of the time.
Emilio attended the San Juan de Latran College when he first embarked on his college career. However, he later attended the University of San Tomas in order to study law. Emilio left college before completing his law degree.
Politics and Revolution
Perhaps the most interesting part of a biography of Emilio Jacinto are the details about his political life and contributions:
- After dropping out of college at the age of 20, Emilio joined the Katipunan, a secret revolutionary society. This was a group whose objective was to gain Philippine independence from Spain in 1892.
- Jacinto became the secretary, directly reporting to the leader of the Katipunan. He also became the chief advisor on fiscal matters concerning this secret society. In addition to these duties, Emilio also wrote the society’s newspaper, the Kalayaan.
- Emilio was given a new name when he was part of this group. To the Katipunan, he was often referred to as Utak ng Katipunan. However, he wrote under the pseudonym Dimasailaw when writing for the newspaper and he was more commonly referred to in the group as Pingkian. Jacinto was also placed in charge of writing the guidebook for new members and current members of the Katipunan, which was called Kartilya ng Katipunan.
- When the leader of the Katipunan passed away, Emilio continued to carry out the wishes of Bonifacio. The Katipunan at this time had many factions and not all of them operated in the same way in their efforts to gain their independence from Spain. As with his predecessor before him, Jacinto refused to join with these factions who had different views. This included refusing to join the Magdalo faction of the Katipunan under the leadership of Emilio Aguinaldo.
Emilio Jacinto died on April 16, 1899 at the age of 24. The cause of his death at such a young age was malaria, which he had contracted while in Majayjay, Laguna. The remains of his body were transferred from this location to Manila where he was laid to rest in Manila North Cemetery. His name lives on in history for the Philippine people and he is known as the Brains of the Katipunan.